Chemotherapy - Journal of Oncology Translational Research
Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body. Chemotherapy is most often used to treat cancer, since cancer cells grow and multiply much more quickly than most cells in the body.
Many different chemotherapy drugs are available. Chemotherapy drugs can be used alone or in combination to treat a wide variety of cancers. Though chemotherapy is an effective way to treat many types of cancer, chemotherapy treatment also carries a risk of side effects. Some chemotherapy side effects are mild and treatable, while others can cause serious complications.
There are a variety of settings in which chemotherapy may be used in people with cancer:
- To cure the cancer without other treatments. Chemotherapy can be used as the primary or sole treatment for cancer.
- After other treatments, to kill hidden cancer cells. Chemotherapy can be used after other treatments, such as surgery, to kill any cancer cells that might remain in the body. Doctors call this adjuvant therapy.
- To prepare you for other treatments. Chemotherapy can be used to shrink a tumor so that other treatments, such as radiation and surgery, are possible. Doctors call this neoadjuvant therapy.
- To ease signs and symptoms. Chemotherapy may help relieve signs and symptoms of cancer by killing some of the cancer cells. Doctors call this palliative chemotherapy.
How chemotherapy drugs are given
- Chemotherapy infusions
- Chemotherapy pills.
- Chemotherapy shots
- Chemotherapy creams.
- Chemotherapy drugs used to treat one area of the body
- Chemotherapy given directly to the cancer.
Side effects that occur during chemotherapy treatment
- Common side effects of chemotherapy drugs include:
Nausea, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Hair loss, Loss of appetite, Fatigue, Fever, Mouth sores, Pain, Constipation, Easy bruising, etc.
- Many of these side effects can be prevented or treated. Most side effects subside after treatment ends.
- Long-lasting and late-developing side effects
Damage to lung tissue, Heart problems, Infertility, Kidney problems, Nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy), Risk of a second cancer, etc.
The Journal of Oncology Translational Research publishes the scholarly articles on open access forum, after a thorough peer review. It publishes all relevant topics in the area of cancer. Manuscripts can be forwarded to the Editorial Office at firstname.lastname@example.org
Journal of Oncology Translational Research
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