Risk Factors over Transfusion Medicine


Within the hospital, blood transfusion committees are established to ensure safe blood transfusion practices in the hospital, such as adherence to standards and guidelines, review of transfusion reactions, and management of the blood supply. These multidisciplinary committees are comprised of experts in transfusion medicine, transfusion nurses, laboratory scientists, physicians, and staff from the hospital's quality and management team. If you have suffered an injury, blood loss during surgery, or a medical condition that affects the blood or its components, a blood transfusion can provide blood or blood components. The blood usually comes from the donor. Blood banks and healthcare providers ensure that blood transfusion is a safe and low-risk treatment. Blood transfusion is generally considered safe, but there are risks of some complications. Mild complications and rare serious complications can occur during blood transfusion or after a few days or more. The most common reactions include allergic reactions, which can cause hives and itching, as well as fever. Clinical studies have identified blood transfusion as an independent risk factor for immediate and long-term adverse consequences, including increased risk of death, myocardial infarction, stroke, kidney failure, infection, and malignancy.

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